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Science and Technology: Research Guides to Pathfinders

Each of the disciplines within science and technology has their own approach to research. As such, the subject guides and other research materials will each be slightly different depending on the area of emphasis.

research

readRead!
Read Qin, (Tina) Na & Jeong, Sarah H. (Fall 2014). Science and technology resources on the internet: Selected internet resources on chemistry education. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, 78.

Read Major, Gene R. (Fall 2014). Science and technology resources on the internet: Space weather: selected resources. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, 78.

Approaches to Inquiry and Research

Each discipline has its own approach to inquiry and research.

Science is filled with vocabulary unique to a particular sub-discipline. It's important to think carefully about broad, narrow, and related terms when searching for relevant information. Also, consider that in many cases there are both common, uncommon, and scientific terms. There may also be words used by professionals that are different than those used by the media or laypersons. In many cases, terms change or are adapted as new technologies emerge.

readRead!
Ayers, Meredith (Spring 2014). “Fracking” vs. “Hydraulic fracturing”: A review of search terms. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. Available: http://www.istl.org/14-spring/refereed2.html

Some guides are intended to help professional conduct research. For instance, the Cincinnati Children's Hospital provide guides to assist researchers in accessing and using information. The guides at this website help users apply for grants, access evidence-based literature for research, and publish their annual reports.

Evidence Based Library and Information Practice

As you can see, working with science and technology information seekers is a balancing act. Librarians must understand a user's need for independence and the opportunity for exploration. At the same time, they must also help the explorer by facilitating access to useful information sources.

It's important that librarians do their own research to discover and understand the needs of information seekers in science and technology. This research goes beyond counting citations and logging questions.

Subject Guides by Discipline

The resources below are organized by discipline. In some cases, books are recommended that include lists of information sources. Explore some of the following subject guides from LibGuides. These aren't the best or the worst. Instead, they're representative of recent guides. To do your own search, go to http://libguides.com/community.php

General

Books

For science and technology government resources, go to ACRL's Resources for Science and Tech Librarians wiki page.

Agriculture

Biology

Chemistry

Books

LibGuides

readRead!
Currano, Judith N. (2009). Chemistry literature and it’s users. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, 3rd Edition. Taylor and Francis.

Computer Science and Information Technology

Book

LibGuide

Earth Sciences

Engineering

Books

LibGuides

readRead!
Read Pinelli, Thomas E., Bishop, Ann P., Barclay, Rebecca O. (2009). Engineering literatures and their users. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, 3rd Edition. Taylor and Francis.

Mathematics

Books

LibGuides

readRead!
Read Schaefer, Barbara (2009). Mathematics literature: history. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, 3rd Edition. Taylor and Francis.

Medical and Healthcare Sciences

Books

LibGuides

readRead!
Read Beatty, William K. (2009). Medical literature: history. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, 3rd Edition. Taylor and Francis.


AND
Dee, Cheryl & Rankin, Jocelyn (2009). Health science professional literature. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, 3rd Edition. Taylor and Francis.

Physical Sciences

readRead!
Read Brown, Cecelia (2009). Physical sciences and mathematics literatures and their users. Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, 3rd Edition. Taylor and Francis.

try itTry It!
Choose one of the disciplines above and browse the suggested LibGuides. Share your three favorites including the name and URL.

Subject Guides by Library Type

Below are LibGuides from the general area of science and technology. These aren't the best or the worst. Instead, they're representative of recent guides. To do your own search, go to http://libguides.com/community.php and select the library type of your choice.

Special Library: Science and Engineering

Special Library: Horticultural Library

Special Library: Health and Medical Libraries

try itTry It!
In many cases, academic librarians are responsible for many areas within the humanities. In other cases, they focus on a particular area such as medicine or geosciences. Examine a few of the examples above. Notice the names associated with the LibGuides.

Pathfinders and Information Sources in the Real World

Librarians are sometimes faced with questions regarding difficult topics. In “Requests about explosive and illicit drugs: a new paradigm”, Philip Barnett (2014) discussed how librarians can deal with these difficult topics.

readRead!
Read at least four of the following articles. Notice how each takes a different approach to sharing information sources.

Barnett, Philip (2014). Requests about explosive and illicit drugs: a new paradigm. The Reference Librarian, 55(2), 118-127.


AND
Bossaller, Jenny S. (2014). Evidence, not authority: reconsidering presentation of science for difficult decisions. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 53(3), 232- 241.


AND
Creech, John (Fall 2012). Science and technology resources on the internet: biodiversity web resources. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. Available: http://www.istl.org/12-fall/internet.html

AND
Diekmann, Florian (Spring 2013). Organic farming: a research guide. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 52(3), 197-204.

AND
Hoover, Jeanne (Winter 2012). Green chemistry web resources. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. Available: http://www.istl.org/12-winter/internet.html

AND
Major, Gene R. (Fall 2014). Science and technology resources on the internet: space weather: selected resources. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. Available: http://www.istl.org/14-fall/internet2.html

AND
Masuchika, Glenn (Summer 2013). Hurray for Fermat and Wiles!: A bibliographic essay on the modern literature pertaining to arguably the world’s most famous unsolved (until May 1995) mathematical theorem. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. Available: http://www.istl.org/13-summer/article2.html

AND
Polacek, Kelly Myer (Ed) (Winter 2013). Reference and research resources for medical sociology, medical anthropology and health psychology. Reference & User Services Quarterly, 53(3), 119-125.

AND
Prescod, Janette, Leach, Sandra, & Mack, Thura (Fall 2011). Government policy resources for science and technology topics: a case study. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship. Available: http://www.istl.org/11-fall/refereed3.html

Resources

Boorkman, J.A., Huber, J.T., & Blackwell, J. (Eds.) (2008). Introduction to Reference Sources in the Health Sciences (5th edition).

Cleveland, A.D. & Cleveland, D.B. (Eds.) (2009). Health Informatics for Medical Librarians.

Featherstone, R. M., Boldt, R. G., Torabi, N., & Konrad, S. (2009). Provision of pandemic disease information by health sciences librarians: a multisite comparative case series. Journal of the Medical Library Association, 100(2), 104-112.

Hochstein, C., Arnesen, S., Goshorn, J., & Szczur, M. (2008). Selected Resources for
Emergency and Disaster Preparedness and Response from the United States National
Library of Medicine. Medical Reference Services Quarterly, 27(1), 1-20.

Hurt, C.D. (1998). Information Sources in Science and Technology. Libraries Unlimited.

Smallwood, Carol & Gubnitskaia, Vera (2013). How to STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Education in Libraries. Rowman & Littlefield. Available through IUPUI's ebrary.

 


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