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Course Materials: Course Guide

Use the following guide to complete the requirements for this course.

Course Assignments

The course contains six Spark assignments worth between 10 or 20 points each. These "Sparks" are intended to ignite learning and help you apply the course materials to a project environment. These projects bridge theory and practice so you'll need to connect your course readings with real-world problems. The Sparks will be shared in the DISCUSSION area of Canvas.

In addition to the Sparks, you will complete a series of 15, 2-point short "Bridging Theory and Practice" assignments that help you connect digital libraries with the course readings. They are worth a total of 30 points. Some of these activities are drawn from the "Try It" activities woven into the course materials. You'll keep a log of the activities you complete and turn in one document near the end of the semester. However, I highly recommend that you work on these assignments week-by-week as you do the readings. This requirement will be shared in the ASSIGNMENT area of Canvas.

Course Study Materials

Each person approaches the course in a different way depending on his or her personal and professional interests and experiences. Rather than dictating all of the required readings, this course provides flexibility by allowing you to choose areas where you'd like to explore in-depth.

try itWoven into the required online course readings, you'll find required articles indicated with a blue book icon shown on the left. Read them for the general concepts they address. You don't need to read every word of every article and in many cases, you'll be directed to SKIM rather than read. However they are often useful in completing the assignments so don't skip them!

try itIn some cases, a video will be provided. Rather an a book icon, look for the blue video icon (right).

You'll also find additional resources at the bottom of each course page. It's up to you to decide whether these additional resources will be useful for your understanding. They can be very useful in identifying ideas to share in the course assignments.

try itRather than simply reading the materials on each page, be sure to TRY IT! Throughout the course readings, you'll find short activities that will help you apply the ideas you're learning. These activities aren't graded and don't need to be turned in, however they are important for your learning. They're the types of activities we would be doing in a face-to-face class. Instead, it's your job to work your way through these activities independently. Look for the Try It! icon (left) on the left in light green boxes for TRY IT! activities. Many of these activities have been woven into the formal assignments.

Course Guide

You can find the specific course readings for each week in this guide. They are also found in the course calendar along with due dates for readings and activity assignments.

Overview of Digital Libraries

Read the Overview page and watch video.
Read Definitions, By Location, By Library Type, & By Discipline.

Complete the Introduce Yourself assignment.

Introduce Yourself (0 Points, required)
Introduce yourself to the class in Canvas.
Then, share at least two experiences using digital collections and digital library services.

Here's mine:
I started out as a school and academic librarian, but I've been a college professor for 30 years now. I've written hundreds of articles and over a dozen books, but what I really like to do is develop and teach online courses. I also write a book, app, or website review 365 days a year for Teacher Librarian Magazine. I enjoy reading, hiking, sketching, photography, and travel. Although I work for IUPUI, I live in the high mountain desert of south central Utah just outside Capitol Reef National Park.

I love to read ebooks and listen to audiobooks. Our public library provides access to Overdrive. The service is accessed through Utah's statewide library system using a library card. The books are easy to place on hold and download. Like print collections, there's normally a wait for popular, new titles.

I also make use of the Internet Archive. This is a non-profit digital library of millions of free books, movies, software, music, and more. I teach two library history courses and the literature for youth course, so I find it useful for locating literature that's in the public domain. It's amazing how many titles are available. Recently, they've done some work on their interface making it easier to search and use.

Bridges Activities (30 Points)
You must complete 15 activities to receive 30 points. Each item is worth 2 points. You need to pick 15 activities from the 55 listed. You MUST complete at least one from each of the 10 sections. However, the final five can be from any section.

Although the calendar identified two "recommended" dates for completing activities, they will be graded all at once on the due date.

For the list of options, go to the Bridge page.

Collection Development and Preservation

Read the Development & Preservation page and watch video.
Read Collection Development, Existing Content, Digitization Projects, and Preservation Process.

Complete Spark 1.

Spark 1: Breadth and Depth (10 Points)

Step 1: Explore digital libraries to get a sense for their breadth and depth. Write several paragraphs citing at least four professional sources from the course readings that describe the current state of digital libraries including how they are defined, what information sources they include, and what services they may provide. What major themes or issues are emerging? Does everyone agree? Why or why not?

Step 2: Select a dozen digital libraries that represent the breadth and depth of this type of library from small and local to large-scale international digital libraries. For each example, provide the following information:
• Name, URL, and a screen capture.
• Purpose and audience of the digital library.
• Examples of digital information sources AND services. Use screen captures to visualize your examples.
• Describe at least three features you think are distinctive or simply “cool”. Use links and/or screen captures to illustrate your points.

Step 2: Justify why you think your dozen is representative of the breadth and depth of digital libraries. Your discussion should include specific examples from your selections.

Step 3: Share your project in whatever format works best for you (i.e., website, Word document, PDF). It should be your best professional work. Post it in whichever DISCUSSION group fits best with your professional interests.

Step 4: Provide at least one high quality reply to your peer.

Checklist (10 points)
Description of the state of digital libraries (2 points)
Use of professional sources (1 point)
A dozen annotated libraries (5 points)
Justification (1 point)
One high quality reply (1 point)

Digital Objects

Read the Digital Objects page and watch video.
Read Digital Objects Defined & By Material Type.

Organization and Representation of Information

Read the Organization and Representation page and watch video.

Complete Spark 2.

Spark 2: Personal Digital Objects Assignment (20 Points)
Those involved in building digital collections must have skills in creating and manipulating digital objects. Your job is to create a small digital collection. A digital object is made up of a file and metadata.

Step 1: Address the following items for EACH of the four materials types including still image, text, sound recording, and moving image. Address EACH material type separately and comprehensively.
• Describe the material type.
• Discuss the distinct characteristics (e.g., physical composition, original and digital formats, file types) of each material type.
• Identify three digital object examples each from a different digital library. Provide the URLs of these items. How is each a representative example of the material type?
• Compare and contrast the guidelines and specifications used by each of the different libraries regarding the material type. If nothing is published, use the information provided in the metadata to make inferences.
• Create a set of guidelines (e.g., steps in selecting and digitizing; storage of original; preservation issues and concerns) and specifications (e.g., file types, file sizes) for digital preservation and digital archives related to original materials and digitally born objects for each material type. It’s fine to adapt items from other project, but be sure to cite sources.

Step 2: Select TWO very different digital libraries. Compare and contrast these two digital libraries and their approach to metadata. Use screen captures to show specific digital item examples to illustrate your points. Be sure to address the following questions:
• What kind of metadata exists within the project?
• What standards does it implement?
• What are examples of metadata for different material types?
• How are specific metadata elements treated differently between the two institutions?
• How is metadata presented to end users?
• How does the metadata increase discoverability of the digital collection?

Step 3: Create a FREE, Trial Omeka account. The SignUp page will take you through the process of creating a Trial Account. Your instructor has created an Omeka Guide taking you step-by-step through creating your site and uploading your items. Be sure to customize your project to include the theme of your choice, a logo file, description, etc. so your digital collection looks professional.

Step 4: Using your own personal materials, create 4 digital objects including a digital image, text, audio, and video. Describe the tools you used. You must digitize the objects yourself using a scanner, digital camera, smartphone, tablet, computer, or other technology.

Step 5: Have some fun. Look at the Item Types in Omeka. What else could you add? Upload at least SIX additional items. Keep in mind that you could use digital-born items such as emails, hyperlinks, or spreadsheets. It's up to you. Or, you could add six additional images if you wish. There's no restriction on material types for your six additional items.

Step 6: Create metadata for your TEN personal digital objects.
• Use the Dublin Core provided in Omeka. Use the Dublin Core guidelines to ensure that your syntax is accurate.
• Use controlled vocabulary such as Library of Congress Subject Headings for subjects. In addition, use terms consistently in all elements.
• If items aren't in the public domain, be sure to select and include a Creative Commons License in the rights element.

Step 7: Share your REPORT (Steps 1-2) and the URL of your site such as in Canvas.

Step 8: Provide at least one high quality reply to your peer.

Figure out how to convert a VHS video from your youth into a digital format.
Record an oral history asking all your family members that same question.
Digitize documents from your childhood such as a middle school report card or elementary award certificate.

Checklist (20 points)
Description of material types and characteristics (1 point)
Examples existing materials (1 point)
Comparison of guidelines/specifications (1 point)
Creation of a set of professional-quality guidelines and specifications (2 point)
Metadata Comparison (3 Points)
Four required items (2 point)
Six additional items (3 point)
Metadata for 10 items (5 Points)
Omeka (i.e., template chosen, description of collection) (1 Point)
One high quality reply (1 point)

Spark 3: Digital Library Prototype Project (10 Points)
Create a digital library prototype containing at least 20 digital objects. This should NOT be your personal collection.

You MUST use a real-world client such as a local library, historical society, nature group, club, church, company, or other organization’s materials for a more meaningful experience. If you can't find an organization, at least find an individual such as a local business person and digitize items from the history of their business, a local architecture and do a history of local architecture with both new and old historical images, the cooperative extension officer and do a local weed inventory with photos, or an older person and do an oral history along with digital artifacts from their time in the service or some other interesting profession. You’ll submit both a paper along with your URL.

Step 1: The Paper
• Describe the mission, audience, and goals of your digital collection.
• Discuss the digital collection’s selection policy and approach to collection development.
• List guidelines you developed for the digitization project including specifications for each object type, file formats, digitization quality, and other elements. This should be specific enough that staff or volunteers would be able to create digital objects to your specifications.
• Describe your approach to knowledge organization (e.g., metadata, controlled vocabulary). List your metadata standards, elements, and description rules. In other words, what specific terms will you allow inside each element? For instance, will you use the word picture, image, still image, img, or something else? Consistency is essential in metadata.
• Describe how users will access the collection. Use screen captures in your discussion. Describe and provide examples of the search interface and functions. Use screen captures in your discussion. Provide examples of sample search results. Use screen captures in your discussion.
• Discuss services you would provide to support use of the collection such as FAQs about your collection, instructional materials to teach people how to use the collection, digital reference assistance, and/or student project ideas. Include at least TWO examples of these support materials that YOU created for your collection.
• Watch at least three people use your collection. Discuss the results of this field test. Did users have problems or questions? What did they like and dislike about the collection? What additional information, directions, and resources could be added or expanded to address user questions, interests or needs?
• Discuss the potential future of your collection.

Step 2: The Collection
• Your instructor has created a CONTENTdm Guide that will take you through the process of creating the necessary username/password, accessing your collection, and uploading your digital objects. BE SURE TO READ THE GUIDE. You need to approve AND index your collection for it to be visible.
• Provide an introduction to your collection including the purpose and contents for both the Landing Page and the About Page.
• Include at least three text documents, three images, one audio or video with a total of at least 20 digital objects.
• Digitize at least ten of the digital objects yourself. No copyrighted materials may be used.
• Include metadata elements for each item. It's fine to add, adjust, or delete fields if your wish.
• Be sure that all search functions are operational.

Check out an example of a paper: Archaeological Survey Collection and Paper. Genealogy Project Collection and Paper. Public Library Project Collection and Paper. Art Park Collection and Paper. Church Collection and Paper. Teen Program Collection and Paper. Air Force Veteran Collection and Paper. Lewis and Clark Expedition Collection and Paper. Maennerchor Building Collection and Paper.

Step 3: Provide at least one high quality reply to your peer.

Checklist (10 points)
The paper (4 point)
The collection (5 point)
One high quality reply (1 point)

Information Architecture

Read the Information Architecture page and watch video.

Information Access and Use

Read the Information Access and Use page and watch video.

Digital Library Services

Read the Digital Library Services page and watch video.

Management and Evaluation

Read the Management and Evaluation page and watch video.

Digital Library Issues

Read the Digital Library Issues page and watch video.

Complete Spark 4.

Spark 4: Digital Library Investigation (10 Points)

Step 1: Select, review, and evaluate an existing digital library of your choice. When you’ve selected your library, post it in Canvas. Only one person may review a library, so the first person who posts gets it.
You should post this at least a week ahead of the due date.

Requirements for Digital Library.

1) Your selection may be a library's website with existing digital content such as electronic databases, ebook downloads, etc. But it must also contain at least one digital collection that was produced locally such as a local history collection, image collection, or newspaper collection.
2) Your selection doesn't need to be a traditional library's website. For instance, it could be one of the massive digital libraries. However, it must provide services in addition to digital collections such as teacher resources, user tools, digitizing services, etc.. In other words, don't choose a small, stand-alone digital collection.

Step 2: Prepare a 750-1000 word professional-quality review. Be sure to use headings and subheadings to make the report readable. Your report should feature numerous screen captures to illustrate your points. You should cite at least SIX professional articles (beyond the course website pages) that support or illuminate your analysis. Be sure to include a reference list at the end of your report.

Your report should begin with the name of the digital library, a citation (URL), and any affiliated institutions. The review should address the following areas in addition to questions you develop yourself. However, be sure to include the major categories outlined below. Keep in mind that some students may choose to focus on a library's digital presence while others may choose to focus on digital collections.

Administrative Aspects
• What is the purpose of the digital library?
• What is the mission and goals of the digital library?
• What community or audience does the digital library serve?
• Who are the likely users?
• Who owns, manages, and runs the digital library?
• What partnerships or affiliated institutions are involved?
• How is the project funded? Is it sustainable?
• How long has it been available?
• Are publications available associated with the project (e.g., reviews, research, evaluations)?

Collection Content
• Is a collection development policy or statement provided at the website? If not, what can be assumed based on the contents of the digital library?
• What is the scope of the collection?
• What types of objects does the collection contain?
• Does the collection make use of subscription services or existing resources?
• Does the collection include materials from multiple institutions?
• What disciplines, subjects, topics, and/or themes are included?
• What is the origin of the objects in the digital collection?

Information Organization
• How is content organized within the digital library?
• Is a metadata standard used? If so, which one(s)?
• What organizational techniques are applied (e.g., classification, categories, thesaurus, controlled vocabulary)?

Collection Storage and Preservation
• Does the collection contain digitized and/or digitally born objects?
• In the case of digitized artifacts, how are the originals preserved?
• In the case of digitally born objects, how are the originals preserved?
• What file formats are used for digital storage?
• What preservation and access formats are used?
• What digitalization procedures are in place?

Collection Access
• What technologies are used to run the digital library?
• Is open-source or propriety software used?
• Where is the software and content housed (i.e., internally or externally)?
• In what ways is the interface user-friendly and easy to navigate?
• What searching and browsing features are provided for end users (e.g., search capabilities, basic/advanced search, browsing options, results display, visualization aids, discover tools)?
• How are search results displayed?
• How are records displayed?
• How do the features of the user interface match the needs of potential users?
• Is there a privacy policy listed?
• Is any statement provided about accessibility for those with special needs?

Technical and Service Aspects
• Is an access policy in place?
• Is the collection open or limited access?
• What are the conditions for access?
• Does the digital collection work properly?
• Is assistance provided for end users (e.g., help option, instructions, tutorials, FAQs, blog, digital reference, chat, email assistance)?
• What kinds of output, storage, saving, and printing options are available to end users? Are these effective for the audience?
• What are the copyright restrictions on the objects in the digital library? Is the copyright policy for the digital library clear?

Step 3: Share your project in whatever format works best for you (i.e., website, Word document, PDF). It should be your best professional work.

Step 4: Provide at least one high quality reply to your peer.

Special Note 1: The best projects will be shared in our new e-journal titled "Digital Library Reviews".

Special Note 2: If you're having difficulties addressing some areas, consider emailing the digital library with specific questions. However don't simply send the library a long list of questions. You should find out as much as possible using the website before asking for assistance.

Checklist (10 points)
Overview (1 point)
Administrative aspects (1 point)
Collection content and access (1 point)
Collection storage and preservation (1 point)
Technical and service (1 point)
Additional questions or ideas beyond requirements (1 point)
Use of professional literature (1 point)
Use of visuals (1 point)
Professional quality work (1 point)
One high quality reply (1 point)

Complete Spark 5.

Spark 5: Digital Library Issue or Specialization (10 Points)

The class will be creating a Digital Library Primer for those interested in learning more about digital libraries. Selected papers from the class will be added to this primer. Go to the Digital Library Primer for some examples from previous semesters.

Step 1: Choose ONE of the following two areas to explore. When you’ve identified your topic, share it in Canvas. Only one student in this class may select a particular topic. However, it's fine if you want to work on a particular sub-theme. For example, we might have someone working on the general area of copyright while another student explores copyright issues related to orphan works.

Option 1: Issue. Identify a current issue related to digital libraries (e.g., technical aspects, open source, copyright, privacy, security, disaster planning, sustainability). Identify the key concepts, vocabulary, and challenges associated with this issue. Discuss the past, present, and future of this challenge. Share detailed examples from at least three different digital libraries that connect to this issue.

Option 2
. Specialization. Identify a digital library specialization such as digital preservation, metadata librarianship, digital heritage, scientific collections, data curation, art preservation, etc.. Identify the key concepts, vocabulary, and challenges associated with this specialization. Discuss the past, present, and future of this area. Share detailed examples from at least three different digital libraries.

Step 2: The Article
Write a publication-ready article (around 800-1200 words) that provides an introduction and overview to this topic.
• Use headings and subheadings to make your article readable.
• Be sure to include at least three screen captures or other images to illustration your thoughts.
• Cite at least eight articles from professional journals or websites. It's fine to use articles from the course materials. Find other ideas at:
- ACM Digital Library (To access, use IUPUI Citation Linker)
- D-lib Magazine
- Digital Humanities Quarterly
- First Monday
• Include full, consistent bibliographic citations for at least eight items.

Step 3: Share your article as a Word or PDF document. It should be your best professional work.

Step 4: Provide at least one high quality reply to your peer.

Checklist (10 points)
Post library choice in Canvas (1 point)
Overview to topic (1 point)
Depth of content (3 point)
Use of examples (1 point)
Use of visuals (1 point)
Use of professional citations (1 point)
Professionally presented (1 point)
One high quality reply (1 point)

The Future of Digital Libraries

Read the The Future of Digital Libraries page and watch video.

Complete Spark 6.

Spark 6: Real World Connection (10 Points)
Build your own project that bridges theory and practice. Select some aspect of the course not already covered in a previous assignment.

Although you need to include a short paper that discusses your bridge from theory and practice, the main project should NOT be a written paper or article. Instead, do something creative and different for this assignment.

Step 1: Bridge Theory and Practice
Write a 1-page paper that describes your project and how it bridges the world of professional literature and theory with a real-world project or connection. You should include at least THREE professional articles or course materials in your discussion.

Step 2: The Cool Real World Connection
Have some fun. Create another prototype, expand the one from Spark 2 or 3, or try something new. Provide the URL, collection file, infographic, or whatever you've decided to do for your project.

• Create 2-3 mini-pathfinders or one indepth pathfinder that links to individual digital objects in existing digital collections. Example: Summer Reading Program Pathfinders
• Build a digital collection copying public domain items from at least 7 different digital collections to create your own focused, thematic digital collection using Omeka. Example: Comics in the Classroom, Monarch Butterflies, Illuminated Manuscripts
• Install some of the Omeka Plugins to enhance your Project 2 digital project. Try the plugins, share how they are used with your collection, and provide examples of their use. Example 1 and Example 2
• Migrate and expand a digital collection. For example, move a collection to the Internet Archive. Example.
• Create a website that focuses on some aspect of best practices in digital libraries such as working with historical photos or converting old audiotapes to the digital format. Include lots of examples from existing collections, your own examples, tutorials, guidelines, policies, etc. for this area of interest. Example: 3D Scanning and Preservation
• Develop a marketing plan or service plan for a library with underused digital collections. Include posters, FAQs, suggested activities, library programs, social media connections and/or other concrete examples. Rather than just writing about these ideas, provide some practical examples. Example: Marketing Plan
• Plan a preservation week program for a library, a personal or community digitization day, or some other event that involves volunteers or community members in a digitization project. Include lots of examples and an outline for the activities. Example: Preservation Week
• Create an indepth infographic focusing on some aspect of digital libraries. This needs to be a high-quality product with in-depth content. Example: Digital User Services, Digital Humanities (graphic, paper).
• Focus on the future of digital libraries. Speculate on the future using cutting-edge digital libraries as examples. This should be an in-depth exploration with lots of images and examples. Consider creating a website focusing on the future of digital libraries.
• Build your own! Example: Once Upon a Time with YouTube Development Discussion, Memories of Ancient Greece: Paper and Omeka Collection.

No reply is required.

Depends on the project

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