High Tech Tools: Video
Our world is filled with motion pictures. Learners find video an engaging tool for communicating ideas. Go to the KCK Public Library Channel to see examples of public library videos. ASU Libraries contains academic library videos.
Watch videos from Buffy Hamilton's The Unquiet Library channel on YouTube.
Watch tutorials from the NCSU Libraries at their library website.
Read Video and the Web Part 1: More the Flickers on the Screen (PDF) and Video and the Web Part 2: Sharing and Social Networking (PDF) by Annette Lamb and Larry Johnson
Some libraries, particular school libraries have YouTube filtered. Explore ways to bring YouTube into your library. YouTube has a school version and education channels. Also, look for specific YouTube channels such asKids.Gov YouTube.
Try your hand at editing a television reality program. Designed for teens, My Pop Studio is a creative play experience that strengthens critical thinking skills about television, music, magazines and online media directed at girls. Users select from four behind-the-scenes opportunities to learn more about mass media. Start with the TV Studio option. You can create a login or Skip it. Then, click Teen TV Producer and have some fun. How does this type of environment help students learn about writing, editing, and storytelling? If you have time, try the other sections.
Use the Internet Archive: Moving Images to explore the wide range of moving images available through their site including thousands of open source videos. What do you have to contribute?
Digital video requires both hardware and software. You'll need a digital still camera or digital video camera as well as software to edit the photos.
Digital Still and Video Cameras
You may think that you need a fancy video camera to take digital videos. However you can create great video with a digital still camera using the movie clip option. If you plan on using your still video camera for longer video segment, simply purchase a larger memory card.
If you're looking for a video camera for quick, simply productions, consider a flip camera. They're easy to operate and many libraries are checking them out for patron and student use.
Download the Digital Video Basics (PDF) handout by Annette Lamb. Follow the directions. When you've taken your photos, attach your camera to your computer. In most cases, your digital camera came with a cable that plugs into your USB or firewire port on your computer. In some cases you need to install software when you purchase your computer. However most new cameras can be plugged directly into the computer. After hooking up the cable, it may take a few seconds, but a window will open asking if you'd like to import your video. Just following the directions on the screen.
Online Video and Presentation Tools
There are an increasing number of tools for producing online video content. These include tools that will capture screens, create animation from still content, and mix together still pictures and audio elements.
- Animoto - create videos from your images
- Camtasia Studio (trial available) - Use the Camtasia Learning Center and the Camtasia Studio Video Tutorial to learn this software.
- Masher - create a video by mixing together video clips, music tracks, and photos.
- Stupeflix - combine pictures, videos, and text
- Viddler - this tools is great because you can use the camera that's built into your laptop or upload video
- Voice Thread (free, online tool) - multimedia slide shows
Video Editing Software
- Adobe: Premiere Pro (Windows, Mac)
- Adobe: Premiere Elements (Windows, Mac)
- Apple: Final Cut Studio (Mac) - watch tutorials at Vimeo.
- Apple: Final Cut Express (Mac)
- Apple: iMovie (Mac)
- Apple: QuickTime
- Avid: Video Editing
- Microsoft: Windows MovieMaker (Windows) - download for Windows XP or newer (directions for use); learn about related topics.
Sources of Video
A 2011 PewInternet study found that 71% of online adults use video sharing sites. Most people are familiar with YouTube, however there are other sources of video that are useful for schools and libraries. Although there's lots of junk on the web, there are also some high quality video productions. Some require views watch a short advertisement.
IIf YouTube is blocked, consider using View Pure or Safe Share to prevent accidental display of inappropriate advertisements. Quietube is a browser bookmark that eliminates the "junk" too. Be sure that use of these websites are allowed at your library.
Skim the video The Nature of Things: Biomimicry, Part 1. This is an example of a great video on a current topic.
Some of the resources below were found on a great blog entry titled 47 Alternatives to Using YouTube in the Classroom.
- 22 Frames - captioned video
- Archives - fedflix (US government videos)
- BBC iPlayer
- Bing Videos
- Clip Syndicate
- Daily Motion
- Futures Channel
- Culture and News
- Film and Television
- Learning and How Tos
- Math and Science
- Social Studies, Language, and Global Topics
Sources of Open Use Video
You don't need to create all the video elements yourself. There are online resources that allow users to freely use materials.
- Archive - video from the Internet archives
- Free Stock Footage Clips - places
- Open Media Directory from Ourmedia
One of the problems with video and the web is finding place for storage. A number of websites now allow people to upload video. Keep in mind that these spaces aren't necessarily designed for children. Also remember to always keep a backup in case the website "goes away." Read The Online Storage Gang for many more data storage ideas.
- Blip.tv (free)
- Box (free, 1GB)
- Clip2Net (free)
- Drop (free for private sharing)
- Esnips (free, 5GB)
- Flickr Video (free or subscription)
- Fliqz (free)
- Google Video (free)
- Mozy (free, 2 GB) popular with Mac
- Mydeo (free)
- YouTube (free, lots of ads)
- OurMedia (free)
- SpiderOak (free, 2GB)
- Videoegg (free)
- Vimeo (free) - popular choice with librarians and educators
Video Web Space for Educators
- My Learning Tube - upload videos
- Teacher Tube - Like YouTube, but for teachers and students. Unfortunately, the ads are very distracting.
- School Tube - focuses on student- and teacher-produced video productions
- Teacher.tv - this UK-based service is for teachers and teaching
There are lots of great things you can do with video. Online sharing has become an increasingly popular way to publish video. If you're looking for some ideas to make your videos better, watch videos from the Film School, Shoot for the Edit Vimeo channel.
Read Increased Use of Video-sharing Sites by Lee Rainie (Jan 9, 2008) from Pew Internet.
In some cases, you may not be able to access YouTube in your school or library. It's possible to use a tool such as KeepVid and Zamzar to download and convert streaming video into a form that you can use such as a .mov file. There are a few other choices for downloading YouTube videos including FLV to MP3 Online Converter, Save YouTube, YouConvertIt.
Keep in mind that most video sharing sites provide the code for embedding their video in another website such as a blog. For instance, the ASCD's The Whole Child video is available on YouTube. Notice the code (see the red arrow below) is provided to embed the video into your page.
<object width="425" height="350"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/XTRKHR-6i3k"></param><param name="wmode" value="transparent"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/XTRKHR-6i3k" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" wmode="transparent" width="425" height="350"></embed></object>
The embed code can be placed in websites made with tools such as Google Sites or in blogs such as Blogger. Rather than playing long clips, consider using a series of short clips. For instance, in the Baby Food Experiment, the blog author incorporate short video clips as she explores making homemade baby food.
YouTube now has a built-in editor. It's limited, but a nice way to work with videos. You can
- Combine multiple videos you’ve uploaded to create a new longer video
- Trim at the beginning and / or ending of your videos
- Add a soundtrack from our AudioSwap library
- Create new videos without worrying about file formats, and publish the new video to YouTube with one click (no new upload is required)
Go to Google Help for directions.
From media fair projects to digital storytelling, video have become increasingly popular. The YouTube video on the right was created as part of a 4-H project. Working with elementary children, teen volunteers, and an adult supervisor, a video was produced to promote the Science, Engineering, and Technology (SET) Squad program. It was created using a Flip camera, Garageband, and iMovie with a little help from Annette Lamb.
Explore Mabry Film Festival. Watch video projects by middle school students. Notice how the award winning films focused on quality content in addition to the technology aspects of the project. The newest videos can be found by searching "Mabry" at iTunes or going to iTunes media.
Read Eager to Learn by Diane Curtis in Edutopia.
Digital Promotion. From booktalks and book reviews to advertisements and book trailers, there are many ways to use videos to promote reading. Watch Book Fair Promo.
Digital Storytelling. From life stories to historical reflections, digital storytelling is a wonderful way to share stories. Explore Digital Storytelling for examples of video storytelling.
Explore Digitales: The Art of Telling Digital Stories by Benajean Porter. For learners of all ages, this excellent resource provide step-by-step guidance in telling your own digital stories. Be sure to check out the StoryKeeper's Gallery, examine the DigitTales Tools, and explore the Resources section. Use the Digital Media Scoring Guides to practice evaluating digital stories. After exploring the example, think about a story you might tell. Then, follow the Seven Steps to Create a DigiTales Story.
Historical Re-enactments. Have some fun by re-enacting historical events. Existing videos can provide resources and inspiration for student projects. For example, Colonial Williamsburg provides videos that students can use in their projects related to Colonial life. Use YouTube Time Machine for some great historical videos.
How Tos. Videos that provide instruction in arts, crafts, and do-it-yourself projects are particularly popular in public libraries. Explore Vimeo's DIY Making Arts & Crafts channel for examples. Another topic popular with public libraries is baking and cooking. Explore the Vimeo Cooking channel.
Public Service Announcements. From public service announcements to skits and demonstrations, there are many opportunities for video in learning. Watch public service announcements from The Advertising Council's YouTube Channel to learn more about the characteristics of an effective PSA. Explore the example on the right from YouTube.
Explore the resources at We Interrupt This Broadcast: Using Public Service Announcements in the Classroom by Kathy Schrock. You can also watch the webcast from her session at NECC.
Explore examples of library oriented video created by students and librarians and posted on YouTube.
- DPS Library Orientation
- Interval Library
- PLHS Library Infomercial
- Summer Reading Commercial (scroll to bottom of screen)
Many young people are interested in filmmaking. Both public libraries and school libraries provide opportunities to people to get together for discussions and projects related to video projects. Explore the High School Filmmakers and Carolina Photojournalism Vimeo page for examples of projects.
Video in Learning
Think about all the ways that video can be used in learning in libraries. For example Wikipedia: Beneath the Surface is a short instructional video discussing the use of Wikipedia.
Watch videos from academic libraries such as University of Michigan-Flint's tutorials. What goes into an effective online tutorial?
- Facilitator Produced
- Case studies - business, education, health situations
- Demonstrations - art, music, science
- Interview - watch This Week In Libraries for interviews from around the world
- Language instruction and practice
- Lecture recording
- Library use and research - watch the Library Tutorial, WNYLRC Tutorials, and OCOM Tutorials on Vimeo
- Problems or mysteries to solve
- Sign language instruction and practice
- Tours - watch Library exhibit videos.
- Learner Produced
- Advertising - promotions, recruitment
- Audio books - recorded textbooks (with permission)
- Blog news - newsletter, news broadcast
- Class or meeting notes
- Collaborative science project
- Oral/video histories
- Original musical productions
- Persuasive videos (view "Lewis urges you to return your books!")
- Prose and poetry
- Practice - foreign language, technical language, scientific terms
- Reading and writing journal
- Slide show videos (view a Civil War project)
- Step-by-step instruction - equipment (scientific, health), physical education
- Sporting events
- Video reports
Explore Kidproof videos from Vimeo that are suitable for children.
Project Guidelines and Assessments
Here are some examples of project guidelines and assessments for video projects:
Can video replace a face-to-face experience? How added benefits come from face-to-face encounters? What added benefits come from recorded experiences?
Watch Imagine (Library Advocacy Day) as a alternative to a traditional video interview or PowerPoint presentation to promote library advocacy.
What can be done to enhance a traditional "talking head" lecture?
It can be boring to sit in a lecture. However it's even more tiring to watch a "talking head" on video. Use the following ideas to enrich a traditional lecture:
- Cut the lecture into 3-10 minute segments. View each segment separately providing reflecting questions or activities at the end of each clip.
- Provide graphic organizers, vocabulary sheets, diagrams, PowerPoint speakernotes, and other guiding tools to help viewers take notes and follow the key points.
- Add reflective questions to the video screen every few minutes. Ask students to stop the video and think about these questions.
- Intersperse photographs, graphics, PowerPoint slides, or other video elements into the visual element of the lecture.
- Add a second voice to the lecture that might be used to ask questions, clarify points, or provide examples.
- Shoot the video from varied angles and move between long, medium, and closeup shots.
- Use demonstrations, props, and other engaging materials that involve varied camera angles and visuals elements.
What supplemental materials could be added to a video to enrich the experience such as hands-on experiences, books, or other materials?
How can short videos be used to enhance content-area learning?
Many groups are now producing short, focused videos on specific topics. For instance, watch science videos from ScienceNews and NASA Goddard on Vimeo. Many universities and nonprofit groups are organizing video materials for the public. For instance, The Earth Institute from Columbia University has a series of videos on the topic of sustainability.
Like illustrations and photographs, digital video matches well with Howard Gardner's visual/spatial intelligence. However because of the movement and objects, digital photography and video also goes well with the bodily/kinesthetic intelligence. These "body smart" people learn best through physical activity such as dance, hands-on tasks, constructing models, and any kind of movement. They are able to manipulate and control objects, as well as express their ideas through movement. Give these students a camera and let them record an experience such as a wood working activity, a skit, or a science experiment.
Learners with a strength in the bodily/kinesthetic intelligence prefer to create and move around. Get them involved with gathering and organizing physical materials, keyboarding, acting out roles, or manipulating objects. They would like to run the camera, operate the mouse, or take the pictures.
Consider ways to incorporate video into library programs. For instance, Activity TV provides show videos on a range of children's topics. Explore National Geographic Video. How could you connect books with video content?
Teachers' Domain is a very popular website providing digital media for classrooms and professional development. Because the video content is housed at the website, it may be available even if other websites are filtered.
Look for the YouTube channels in your area of interest. Explore 100 Incredible YouTube Channels for History Buffs.
Looking for great sources of online video content? Go to Active Learning.
Explore lots of videos from TeacherLibrarianNing.
- Planning and Producing Audio and Video Materials
- Audio and Video Production
- Audio, Video, and Productivity Tools
Porter, Bernajean (2005). Digitales: The Art of Telling Digital Stories.
Links to the materials in this section can be found in the navigation bar on the left side of this page. Continue to the Tools: Animation page.