headerimage headerimage headerimage headerimage headerimage headerimage

Glossary

amate - a form of paper made in Mexico as early as 1000BCE. It was used throughout the Aztec Empire. Most of the production was concentrated in Morelos. Made from the bark of the Ficus tree, the paper was used as royal gifts, for religious rituals, and for scribes in creating documents. The bark was soaked overnight in water, the fibers separated and then pounded into sheets. Learn more at Wikipedia.

annal - a concise, year-by-year record of historical events. Learn more at Wikipedia.

BCE - Before Common Era (also known as Before Christian Era). Learn more at Wikipedia.

calligraphy - the art of decorative handwriting. Learn more at Wikipedia.

catalogue - a register of the items in a collection. Learn more at Wikipedia.

CE - Common Era (also known as AD). Learn more at Wikipedia.

codex - a manuscript in the form of a book. Learn more at Wikipedia.

colophon - similar to the title page of today's books. In the case of tablets, it's inscribed on the back surface. It's added at the completion of the book at the end of the book, the reverse side of a tablet, or on the title page. Learn more at Wikipedia.

cuneiform - a form of early writing in which a stylus (often made of wood) is used to place simple shapes and lines into moist clay. Learn more at Wikipedia.

epitome - a written work that contains a condensed version, miniature form, or extracts from an original Learn more at Wikipedia.

folio - a single page or leaf from a manuscript. In printing, it's a book make of one or more full sheets of paper. Each sheet contains four pages of text, two on each side of the paper. Learn more at Wikipedia.

forulus - like the cells of a bee's honeycomb. Used for roll storage.

illumination - the decoration of a manuscript. Learn more at Wikipedia.

incipit - the first few words of a text. It can also be a heading at the beginning of each section of text. Used to identify works before the use of titles. Catalogs of documents contained the incipit of item such as "In the city of". Learn more at Wikipedia.

incunabula - a book printed before 1500. Learn more at Wikipedia.

leaf - a single page of a book. Learn more at Wikipedia.

liturgy - a prescribed set of religious rituals. Learn more at Wikipedia.

loculamentum - a long, narrow box open in one end. Used for roll storage.

manuscript - a document or book written, transcribed, or copied by hand. Learn more at Wikipedia.

minuscule - a script using lowercase letters. Learn more at Wikipedia.

missal - a book with the complete instructions, reading, and hymns for a mass. Learn more at Wikipedia.

monastery - a community of men known as monks who have taken vows such as poverty, chastity, and obedience. Learn more at Wikipedia.

nidus - like a pigeon-hole for storing rolls.

notary - an official empowered to create and certify legal documents. Learn more at Wikipedia.

octavo - small format similar to today's paperbacks. Learn more at Wikipedia.

oracle bones - a form of divination these pieces of bone or shell contained questions for deities. Learn more at Wikipedia.

paleography - the art and science of reading and analyzing ancient handwriting. The decoding process allows today's readers access to materials written during earlier times. It can also be used to identify individual writers and place works in a particular time period. Learn more at Wikipedia.

palimpsest - a manuscript that has been re-purposed by scratching off the original writing and writing over it. Learn more at Wikipedia.

papyrus - a paper-like writing surface made from the pith of the papyrus plant. The fibers of the reed are beaten and layered. This thick paper was used throughout the Mediterranean area. The plant was common along the Nile delta of Egypt. Learn more at Wikipedia.

parchment - a writing membrane created from animal skin. A high quality parchment is called vellum. Learn more at Wikipedia.

pegmata - planks of wood framed into shelves or fixtures and fixed on a wall.

pluteus - a board laying on its edge like a shelf.

quipu - a string-based recording device used to count items. It may also have been a means of recording complex information. Learn more at Wikipedia.

quire - a stack of parchment sheets that have been folded and stitched together to form a section of a book prior to binding. Learn more at Wikipedia.

recto - the right side of a double-page in a book. Learn more at Wikipedia.

roll - a long, narrow document that has been rolled into a scroll.

scribe - a person who copies or transcribes documents by hand. Learn more at Wikipedia.

scroll - a roll containing information in the form of a series of pages. Learn more at Wikipedia.

scriptorium - a room where writing is produced. Learn more at Wikipedia.

transcript - a handwritten copy of a document. Learn more at Wiktionary.

verso - the left side of a double-page of a book. Learn more at Wikipedia.

vellum - a paper or cover made of mammal (often calf) skin. This translucent materials is smooth and durable. Also, a high-quality parchment. Learn more at Wikipedia.


| eduscapes | IUPUI Online Courses | Teacher Tap | 42explore | About Us | Contact Us | © 2012-2016 Annette Lamb