The Learning Keystone
Thinking, Reading, and Technology Equals Information Fluency
Check out the visual for the session.
Built elaborate infrastructure
Created immense list of STUFF
Taught basic skills
Developed rigorous tests
Created motivated, engaged,
information fluency learners????
“It’s amazing that a man who is dead can talk to people through these pages. As long as his book survives, his ideas live.” - Eragon
Ability to apply skills
Solve problems across
information format structures
Visual Thesaurus http://www.visualthesaurus.com
Collect info to address issue
Employ critical thinking to info evaluation & analysis
Formulate logical conclusions and present ideas effectively
What looks familiar?
What areas are new to you?
What would you like to learn more about?
The Learning Keystone
21st Century Literacy
Thinking, Reading, and Technology
Motivate: Springboards, Hooks, Interest
Interact: Communicate & Collaborate
Discussions, Blogs, Power of Words
Choice: Options, Themes & Lit Circles
21st Century Literacies
Language Literacy Visual Literacy
Historical Literacy Cultural Literacy
Info Literacy Political Literacy
Scientific Literacy Math Literacy
Content Area Thinking
Are these independent or interdependent ideas?
In what ways do we encourage “mindlessness” in schools?
In what ways do we promote mindful, independent thinking?
Habit is a cable; we weave a thread of it each day, and at last we cannot break it
- Horace Mann
A willingness to use one’s mind well when no one is looking… We must develop habits of mind in our PK-12 students to provide a foundation for thoughtful inquiry.
Habits of Mind - Dispositions that …
Facilitate intelligent behavior
Promote thoughtful learning communities
Help students perform under challenging conditions Costa & Kallick, 2000
Habits of Mind - Across the Curriculum
Mathematics… If we want to empower students for life after school, we must prepare then to use, understand, control, and modify a class of technology.
Prioritize the Habits of Mind
Thinking and communicating with clarity and precision
Gathering data through all senses
Listening with understanding and empathy
Creating, imagining, innovating
Responding with wonderment and awe
Thinking about thinking (metacognition)
Taking responsible risks
Striving for accuracy
Questioning and posing problems
Applying past knowledge to new situations
Remaining open to continuous learning
Habits of Mind http://www.habits-of-mind.net
by Arthur L. Costa and Bena Kallick
Habits of Mind
Star the most important items.
Discuss how technology helps or hinders developing these habits of mind.
Analyzing real-world data
Using news sources
Using reference resources
Analyzing a Controversial Topic
Viewpoint, biases, insights
Significance Debbie Abilock
Younger Students: SNAP
Source - Who created this?
Nature - Why was it created?
Accessibility - Does it function?
Page - Is the info accurate and reliable?
Trash ‘N Treasure
Notetaking is like a pirate’s map.
You’re looking for the X.
Trash Words - extras, unrelated
Treasure Words - key ideas;
help answer questions
Barbara Jansen, SLMAM, 1996. Available: http://www.lubbock.k12.tx.us/InformationFluency/Trash&Treasure/reading_for_information.htm
What sources are available for gathering data and information:
local access, remote access
Literacy Skill to Information Fluency
Understands the concepts
Identifies problems & questions
Applies the literacy skills
Exhibits positive disposition
Attention - interesting questions
Relevance - meaningful examples
Confidence - challenge w/ success
Satisfaction - apply to real-world
John Keller (1983) used this model to account for performance differences in all ages.
How earth changes…
Photographs Games and simulations
Changing Lands - What caused these?
When read book or online?
When watch video?
When play game?
When use photographs?
Springboard, Concept Learning, Closure
Books Videos Interactive Games
Digital Cameras Word Processor
Design an activity
Uses digital camera
Uses publishing tool
(Word, PP, web, Kidpix, Inspiration)
Gets students out of the room
Make reading fun
Use electronic books -fiction and nonfiction
Link books and cool activities
Reading Basics - Starfall
Reading Promotion - By Kids, For Kids
Book Reviews School Websites
I hate reading…
Pictures are okay, I like listening
Books & websites with borders
Graphic novels & comics
Reading: Graphic Novels, Comic Books
Technology: Morphing Software
It was a dark and silly night by Art Speiegelman & Francoise Mouly
High School Graphic Novels
How can technology be a motivator without being… ?
a reward a distraction
a time waster a substitute for thinking
Shared writing experiences
- creative writing
Literature thematic discussions
Different method than oral
Archived writing samples
Supports writing process
Available anytime, anywhere
EBoard World Crossing
Read a few chapters, choose a question, post your answer
Respond to your peers at least twice per week
Don’t reveal anything if you get ahead in the book
WriteSite v2.0 http://ws.oetc.org/
Responding to Students & Peer
Southern Oregon Writing Site
Share what you think the author is saying
What was the author saying?
What was the main idea?
Share things that attracted your attention
What worked well?
What details seemed especially vivid or striking?
What will you remember?
What would you like to know more about?
What else would you like to know?
What did you anticipate?
What wasn’t clear or wasn’t understood? What bothered you?
Point the author in a direction
What if the story kept going?
What if it started earlier?
What if, some detail changes?
Goldilocks does fall asleep
A story changes settings
Bartholomew by Rita Johnson
Supportive, positive, on-topic
Demonstrates understanding of topic and thought to discussion
Insightful and in-depth
Complex sentences and ideas
Correct spelling and grammar
Specific and focused to posting
6+1 Traits Writing
Voice Word Choice
Sentence Fluency Conventions http://www.nwrel.org/assessment/department.asp?d=1
Interaction with Experts
About People – Biography
More time to compose, edit, & refine
More in-depth discussion
More choice is discussion
Encourages links and hyper-extensions
Quiet students often excel
Students more open when option for pen names
Life of Pi by Yann Martel, Booker Prize
Guides for Online Discussions
Use of caps, sentence structure grammar
Spirit of comments
Quality replies and feedback
When do e-forums make sense for you?
Thoughtful responses …Ideas?
Today’s Interactive Kids and Teens
Journal/Diary Interactive Log
Web Log - Blog
Just join an existing service
Or, add tool to your webserver
Blog City http://www.blog-city.com/bc/index.htm
HTML Editor Search Engine
User interaction File space
Customization - look ‘n feel
Bookmarking and linking
Ask meaningful questions
Stimulate new questions
Promote sharing of process and products
Encourage alternative ideas
Add new information
Blog Starter 1 - Open with a question. Then, suggest a reading.
What would you do if you got lost in the mountains?
Blog Starter 2 - Open with a announcement. Then, suggest a reading.
Blog Starter 3 - Open with a challenge or bold statement. Then, suggest a reading.
Regardless of what you think, being alone can be great!
Blog Starter 4 - Open with a quote from the book. Then, suggest a reading.
Blog Starter 5 - Open with a riddle to consider. Then, suggest a reading.
Blog Starter 6 - Open with a personal experience. Then, suggest a reading.
I’ll never forget the tiny fingers on my baby sister’s hands.
Blog Starter 7 - Open with a feeling. Then, suggest a reading.
Blog Starter 8 - Open with a way to involve the reader. Then, suggest a reading.
Vote for one or more…
Cool, Motivational, Useful, A Time Waster
List the Possibilities
The Power of Words
What are our students thinking?
Why learn about adjectives?
Do words really matter?
Why should I care about… ?
Words We Choose
The Impact of Words
Hairy, Scary, Ordinary - What is an adjective?
To Root, to Toot, A Parachute – What is a Verb?
A Mink, A Fink, a Skating Rink – What is noun?
by Brian Cleary
Concept Map Challenge
Build a Venn diagram showing the advantages and disadvantages of using electronic concept maps vs paper concept maps
Reading + Thinking + Technology = Meaningfulness
Can words really hurt?
Reading, Writing, Sharing, Discussing
How does technology help?
Nothing But the Truth: A Documentary Novel
7th graders, Newbery Honor
Understanding the Power of Words
Fact vs Opinion
Evidence: How do we know if a claim is true?
Analytical claim Valuative claim
With the threaded discussions..
“all the student have the opportunity to be honest about their feelings without verbal retribution from peers”
Point of View
Nothing but the Truth
There is conflict (clashing) in the book between Miss Narwin and Philip Malloy. There are other conflicts as well, such as Mr. Malloy’s conflict with his boss at work.
How big a part do you think conflict plays in most people’s lives? (race, background, religious preferences, social & economic status, etc.)
Two people may see the same event in different ways.
How do our background and prior knowledge that we bring to an event affect our ideas about it?
Give ideas about how truths, half-truths, and lies affect the way you communicate with other people?
Philip calls himself “lucky” to have his parents’ support.
Do you agree that he is “lucky”? Why or why not?
How do you discover the “truth” in a complicated story or situation?
References to text/novel/article
References to other student postings
Predication, speculation, or questions
Reference to literary features
Books on CD/Tape
Computer voice readers
What ways do you accommodate students who face language challenges?
Shy, quiet, easily overpowered
Foreign language speakers
How can technology help?
Choice: Themes & Lit Circles
Reading Level Fiction or Nonfiction
Time Period Interest Area
Reading, Writing, Creating
Nonfiction + Fiction = Meaningfulness
An American Plague: the True and Terrifying Story of the Yellow Fever Epidemic of 1793, by Jim Murphy.
Dr. Jenner and the Speckled Monster: The Search for the Smallpox Vaccine, by Albert Marrin.
The Influenza Pandemic of 1918, by Virginia Aronson.
Life During the Black Death, by John M. Dunn.
Crispin: The Cross of Lead, by Avi (black death).
Fever 1793, by Laurie Halse Anderson (yellowfever).
Sweetgrass, by Jan Hudson (smallpox).
A Time of Angels, by Karen Hesse (influenza).
Read, Examine, Analyze, Speculate, View
Time - No time to…Plan, read, discuss, think!
The Gadget by Paul Zindel
The Bomb by Theodore Taylor
Under the blood red sun by Graham Salisbury
Air Raid by Theordore Taylor
Sadako and the Thousand Papers Crane
Sadako by Eleanor Coerr
On the Wings of Peace
Is our time well-spent?
What do you know about…
Atomic Bomb research?
Pearl Harbor attack?
Dropping the Bomb?
Japanese Internment Camps?
How do you generate interest?
Cultural Diversity Quilts
Underground Railroad Civil War
Native American Legends
It’s worth the effort!
Resources, activities, assessments
Hypothesize about fictional realities when turn out different from our own
Extrapolate a chain of cause/effect
Analyze sources for bias
Articulate point of view
Demonstrate impact of view
Take on the role of a voter in a time & place
Decide how you’d vote
Explain your reasoning
Learn more about time/place of literature
Focus on setting
Build on characters, plot, setting
Focus on thematic meaning
Explore data and points of view
Resolve conflicting viewpoints
Explore an issue
Design a plan
Decide on appropriate way to commemorate an event or person
Assemble a body of knowledge
Organize structures and domains
Cookbooks, Field guides, Dictionaries
Analysis of abstract concept
Investigation of examples
Identification of attributes
Design a physical space or object
Develop a good solution
Assemble objects into a space
Study a body of knowledge
Develop judgments and make selections
Develop rationale for selection, sequence, & framework of ideas
Analyze a form of creative expression
Use the analysis on a new product
Apply storytelling principles to dramatizing an historical event or personalities
Learn about a style
Recreate or adapt the style
Artist, Writer, Creator, Inventor
Assemble a group
Play historical roles
Discuss topic or debate issue
Prepare and perform a mock trial
Build Venn diagrams
Focus on current events
Characters from literature
Write the diaries of two or more people
Specific time, Specific place
Research and analyze information
Form an opinion
Construct a research-based persuasive message
Read relevant information
Write ideas and arguments
Organize a policy
Focus on a global issue
Apply interviewing techniques
Deliver persuasive arguments
Make a group recommendation to solve a problem
Write daily account
Write from point of view
Individual from particular place
Individual from particular time
Capture the essence of a time period
Survey the period
Develop judgment about importance
Create an account of a trip
Develop knowledge of time and place
Design an itinerary with realistic constraints
Explore factual information
Plan budget, time
Pick a Pattern
Which design pattern would work best for the area where you work? Why?
The Keystone Idea http://danbrown.com/
Created by Annette Lamb, 10/05.
Created by Annette Lamb, 10/05.